Deportation Process In Germany

When do freundin need zu consider die possibility von a deportation?

Is an application for asylum refuse due kommen sie regulations within ns asylum law, are the people pertained to obligated to leave ns country. Don’t die comply through this ~ above a voluntary basis deportation kann be supplied as lawful means.

Du schaust: Deportation process in germany


What are the legal grounds for a deportation?

The most vital legal basis is die Aufenthaltsgesetz (AufenthG) or Residence Act. Several paragraphs define wie man asylum seekers or foreigners schutz to leave the country und when a deportation is justified. More information about the legal grounds can be uncovered here.


Are there means zu fight a deportation?

Under specific circumstances it is possible to anhielt or suspend a deportation. If sie leave ns country volontarily, ns deportation decree wollen usually it is in taken back. Read here which other options might be available.


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Not every person is allowed kommen sie move easily from border kommen sie border.

Ever because humanity has started settling bei certain areas von land, territorial tenures existed. Farming und being tied zu a certain place inquiry protection of the tilled soil.

For the reason, mankind was subdivided into the people who belonged to die settled community on the one hand und foreign intruders who could destroy their festland on the other.

With the beginnings von borders and nations territorial claims further increased. By and by ns emergence von human rights in politics prevented in undifferentiated defense des borders. This is why heute many people kann move freely from border kommen sie border – zum instance in the countries von the European union (EU).


Yet, a last of human being cannot enjoy moving freely: Out of consequence, numerous foreigners have zu seek refuge und asylum in Germany in order kommen sie receive a residence permit – others, in contrast, are straight expelled or deported.

But what precisely zu sein the distinction between bei expulsion und a deportation? What ist the common procedure von a deportation in Germany? to what kind of legislations does ns deportation procedure map back? in this post you kann find all relevant information on ns topic des deportation, the prevention of it as well as feasible consequences.


Expulsion von refugees


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A decreased application often leads to in eviction order.

Due zu several international crises and humanitarian situations a last of human being seek refuge or asylum. Your reasons zu do so vary and are very diverse. War or human rights violations and natural catastrophes or immense poverty kann bring world to die decision kommen sie leave your home und look zum shelter elsewhere.

Unfortunately, ns right to remain cannot be granted to all des them. Usually, a decreased application zum asylum ultimately involves in eviction order. This in turn results in a deportation zum many refugees.

Legal regulation zum deportations: die Residence Act

§ 50 AfenthG (Residence Act) regulates ns obligation zu return zum foreigners bei Germany:

(1) A foreigner zu sein obligated kommen sie leave the country, if he is not / not anymore bei the possession of a residence permit and a right zu remain can not be granted follow to ns association agreement bolzen the EEC and Turkey.

As lang as die procedure for granting die right von asylum zu sein ongoing, the applicant own a temporary residence permit, which grants ihm the possibility kommen sie remain legit on German federal territory. Ns rejection des the application entails a denial von residence und results bei the refugee´s obligation kommen sie leave

In addition, paragraph two of the write-up states:

(2)The foreigner has zu leave German are immediately or depart before the determined deadline for departure has expired.


This deadline cannot exceed a time span des six months after ~ notice von the eviction order has actually been taken, except zum some cases von hardship. If an applicant neglects die obligation zu return, a deportation will be arranged.
Off zu a bordering country? What walk a exit within the eu entail?

In Europe an eviction order seems kommen sie be easily fulfilled: simply über traveling to France, ns Netherlands or any other neighboring country. § 50 AufenthG, however, puts a hold to this intention:

(3) by entering a different member state von the European gewerkschaftler or ns Schengen area, a foreigner meets his obligation zu return just if ns country in question explicitly permits the entry und consequential residence. If ns necessary requirements kann be fulfilled, the foreigner has to resort to ns sovereign territory of that nation immediately.

In consequence, however, a prohibition native residing an Germany equates to a residency prohibition an Europe und the Schengen area respectively.

Removal procedures


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§ 50 AufenthG includes some grundlegend regulations about die obligation zu return.

In the course of the asylum proceedings in eviction order zu sein decided über the Federal Agency of Migration and Refugees (BAMF). As a general rule in asylum seeker receives die eviction order together with ns refusal des the asylum request and also a deadline zum voluntary departure.

Usually, this time expectations lasts one month. Only after the deadline has expired, a deportation kann sein be demanded. This procedure, however, wenn into the remit of the responsible Aliens Department of the details federal state.


Often federal polizei force tote out die deportation. If a person obliged zu leave ns country and fights the resettlement vehemently, he kann sein be escorted to ns airplane by a federal polizei officer.

In some federal says authorities started zu withhold die info about die specific dates des deportations. This procedure ist used only weil das families without children. In this manner authorities try zu prevent human being from evading und going right into hiding. Person rights experts condemn this procedure together inhumane.

Airport regulations

A separate und accelerated version des the asylum procedure zu sein the so-called “airport procedure.” that can, des course, only be valid zum foreigners entering federal territory über air. Before leaving die transition area des the airport, the passenger has to apply zum asylum. This procedure especially applies to foreigners v no or fake documents and people, whose country von origin is listed as secure.

In this instance ns Federal Border Guard instead des the BAMF has gott the final authority. Within two days die Federal Border guard has kommen sie decide whether bei application ist unsubstantiated or not.


In ns former case, a refugee zu sein not entitled zu enter die country. However, there zu sein the possibility des consulting a lawyer and handing in an application weil das legal protection at ns Higher governmental Court within three days.

Deportation after a verbrecher offence


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If an applicant neglects ns obligation zu return, a deportation will be arranged.

Not just denied residence patent are ns reason weil das deportations. Foreigners, that already own a residence permit, kann sein likewise receive an eviction order.

If a foreigner commits a significant crime, a deportation can be authorized according zu both die aliens act und the residence act. If a person poses a significant threat for others or the federal state of Germany, a deportation can be enforced with a special form of detention.

Legal foundations responsible for a deportation after criminal offenses

§ 53 AufenthG states:

(1) however, whose remain endangers windy safety und order, die free democratic grundlegend order or other far-reaching interests des the federal Republic des Germany will be expelled if, after weighing die interest in their departure versus their individual interest bei remaining bei the commonwealth territory, taking right into account all die circumstances des the particular case, over there is in overriding public interest bei the foreigners’ departure.

In this very case die eviction bespeak will notfall be authorized von the BAMF but von the responsible aliens department or a judge. What happens, however, if an asylum seeker, who status as a refugee has actually been acknowledged, commits a major crime?

In this case, risks und benefits des two different legal assets need kommen sie be opposed: the right to asylum und the right des public security and protection des the grundlegend democratic order. Usually die right kommen sie asylum ist estimated greater than die other – except zum cases des extreme hardship:

(3a) A foreigner who zu sein recognised together a person entitled zu asylum, that has ns legal status von a refugee in the federal region or own a travel file issued by in authority of the commonwealth Republic von Germany under ns Convention des 28 July 1951 relating to ns Status des Refugees (Federal regulation Gazette 1953 II, p. 559), might be expelled just if over there are serious grounds zum regarding ns foreigner together a threat to ns security von the commonwealth Republic von Germany, as a terrorist risk or as a risk to die general public because he or she has been incontestably sentenced zu a prison term for a serious crime.


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Often die deportation zu sein carried out by federal polizei force.

The last decision below lies within ns authority von the aliens department, who kann sein work an close consultation with ns BAMF. German law demands a deportation when several deliberate crime or an especially severe crimes have been committed.

Owing zu current developments, distinct attention has actually lately to be given kommen sie participations in terroristic groups (§ 54 AufenthG). Before a refugee ist sent rückseitig to a war region, however, all belang circumstances des every separation, personal, instance case wollen be observed von the responsible authorities.

Deportation detention

If there zu sein reasonable ground weil das suspecting that a foreigner, being the subject of removal orders, is about kommen sie go into hiding, a so-called deportation detention kann be arranged.

It can last up zu 18 months and is supposed kommen sie guarantee that the person concerned can be expelled weist any time and will not start a life as in illegal citizen. Deportation detention was especially established weil das asylum seekers who schutz committed severe crimes. An this case, the state has a solid interest bei resettling the criminal.


Return to Germany after a deportation?

If an asylum seeker has actually been exile from German grounds, the state usually concerns a re-entry ban. This ban ist absolute und needs zu be maintained punkt all times. Also residing bei the transit area or visiting one’s family zu sein not allowed anymore.

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Foreigners then have to mean rejection at the border und cannot enter ns state. Die re-entry half lasts up kommen sie 10 years, but kann be prolonged depending on the case.


Correspondingly, the European Court von Justice decided bei 2015 that re-entering a zustand illegally kann sein be sanctioned von the countries des the EU. A prison sentence could follow also though a re-entry ban has once to be issued.
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Denied residence permits space a typical reason weil das deportations.

Although over there are right now many foreigners living an Germany who are supposed zu be resettled, final deportations room hardly ever arranged.

Bureaucratic barriers and overworked authorities lead to residences that tonnage longer than intended.

In the context of the current refugee crisis countries also prefer participation und cooperation fairly than removals with the help of police force.

Voluntary departure

Deportations are arranged differently among die federal states. Some press through radical procedures, some insist on cooperation. The so-called “voluntary departure” is in alternative möglichkeit to an impending deportation and assures a specific level des autonomy and dignity.


Furthermore, refugees and rejected asylum seekers tun können obtain information punkt one des the support centers zum returnees in order to assess whether a voluntary departure should be preferred zu a deportation. In the previous case, the state pays weil das travel expenses und a little starting budget weil das returnees. This varies between 300 und 750 Euros and facilitates the reintegration.

Exceptional leave to remain as an alternative zu deportation

An abandonment des resettlement tun können be evoked zum reasons von the international humanitarian or human rights law and also political interests von the federal Republic des Germany (§ 60a AufenthG). Plenty of times, however, urgent personal reasons can stop bei impending expulsion. This short-lived abandonment of resettlement is then called “exceptional leave zu remain.” the does not absolve anyone from ns burden von their return, yet rather freezes up the process. Yet, this can not be placed on a level with a residence permit.

The asylum law an Germany: functioning permit in a time von tolerance?
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If a foreigner commits a crime he/she kann be deported.

Under certain circumstances foreigners will be able zu work in Germany, even if your residence ist only tolerated. However, finding arbeiten may prove challenging due to ns impending departure.

The impressive leave kommen sie remain should be updated every sechs months and, if require be, extended. If a foreigner misses this appointments, a deportation can be carried out with full force. Zum that reason, employees who only have an exceptional leave kommen sie remain, constitute a certain risk weil das their employer.

So far, notfall every tolerated person zu sein actually allowed kommen sie work bei Germany. § 60a AufenthG specifies:

(6) Foreigners whose deportation has been exposed may not be permitted kommen sie pursue in economic activity if

1. Castle entered die country kommen sie obtain benefits under the Act ~ above Benefits weil das Asylum Applicants,

2. Measures kommen sie terminate their stay cannot be lugged out weil das reasons weil das which they are responsible, or

3. They room nationals des a safe country von origin according kommen sie section 29a of the Asylum act and bei asylum application which they filed ~ 31 august 2015 has actually been refuse or withdrawn, unless the application was withdrawn based upon advising from the Federal Office zum Migration and Refugees together referred to in section 24 (1) von the Asylum Act, or no asylum application was filed.

Foreigners are an particular responsible weil das reasons referred to an sentence 1 no. 2 if castle themselves have brought about the obstacle kommen sie deportation by their own deceit worrying their identification or nationality or von furnishing false information. Sentence 1 no. 3 does notfall apply to unaccompanied international minors whose asylum applications oase been withdrawn or zum whom no application zum asylum was made if the application was withdrawn or no application was made bei the best interests of the child.

For these reasons, it zu sein a typical fact that most von the human being having bei exceptional leave to remain möchte not have an access zu the arbeit market. Those that do oase a functioning permission only oase limited access zu the arbeit market.


Reasons weil das preventing deportation

How kann one explain the fact that, despite ns high numbers des foreigners obliged to leave die country, comparatively few deportations and voluntary departures can be recorded?


Before a country can resettle refugees, all legal aspects des the individual deportation or eviction schutz to it is in flawlessly inspected. This, however, is not constantly possible.
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If die foreigner is suspected zu go right into hiding deportation detention kann sein be used.

Many asylum seekers perform not oase a passport. In most cases authorities cannot identify without doubt, what nation a person ist from or wherein he kann sein be sent rückseitig to. Before a deportation tun können be carried out, the nationality of the person inflicted has zu be clarified – or else die country des destination approves the admission.

Although instead of papers kann be ordered, this möchte take a an excellent amount von time. Frequently neither the person obligated kommen sie leave die country no one his particular country of origin cooperates fine with the authorities. Ns latter sometimes even refuses recurring admittance of the refugee.

Inability to travel

Frequently, deportations are brought out über air. This procedure holds particular dangers. If a doctor confirms a refugee´s incapacity zu travel, the process des deportation needs kommen sie pause.


Authorities suspect a high number des misusage through respect to medical certificates, since these are frequently bezeichnen only wie a concrete deadline weil das deportation has been announced or the police pays a visit. Fraud has to be evidenced – till then ns deportation process pauses.
Urgent personal reasons

If a person seeking asylum kann sein produce valid personal reasons (according kommen sie § 60a AufenthG), a deportation kann be delayed. A justifiable reason might for instance be a surgery that could not be performed in the country of origin.

Also nursing a sick family member or the beginning of an apprenticeship before turning 21 years-old could be precious reasons zum preventing a deportation.

Using die help of information centers


If bei application for asylum has lastly been rejected, asylum seekers tun können file a lawsuit at ns Higher bureaucratic Court.

The court climate examines again, whether ns refugee should be granted asylum or whether the decision von the federal Agency for Migration und Refugees kann sein be justified.

Depending on what grounds in application was rejected, over there are various deadlines for filing a lawsuit at the Administrative Court.

In principle, when there has actually been a negative notification, one must visit in information center or a lawyer. The deadlines are set narrowly, before a deportation is announced.

If in application ist rejected as “obviously unsubstantiated”, ns deadline ist one week.If in application, however, ist only rubbish as simply “unsubstantiated”, die foreigner has got four weeks to file a suit.

In the former case, a lawyer kann sein – by means of bei accelerated procedure – evoke the delay von the deportation till after die court has decided around his case.


In case des the latter, a deportation is per se arranged after die court judgement. In additional application weil das delay ist then unnecessary.

At court the lawyer or the asylum seeker himself can present the case. After detailed ermittlung of die circumstances, die court overcome a sentence. It either confirms ns decision of the BAMF (then the plaintiff is forced to leave the country) or the court decides the – even if ns asylum seeker will not receive a residence allow – he kann sein receive in exceptional leave zu remain.

What zu sein more: ns Administrative Court kann completely revoke the decision of the BAMF und grant a residence permit.

§ 58a AufenthG states:

(4) After the deportation order has been announced, however, are zu be given in opportunity to contact a legal adviser von their choice without delay, uneven they schutz secured die services of a lawyer beforehand; however, are kommen sie be informed des this entitlement, des the legit consequences of the deportation order und the obtainable legal remedies. In application weil das temporary relief pursuant to the Code des Administrative Court Procedure (Verwaltungsgerichtsordnung) have to be filed within 7 days of announcement des the deportation order. Deportation may not be enforced until die period ad to in sentence 2 has expired and, if an application zum temporary relief is filed in time, until ns court has chose on claimed application.


As a rule ns lawsuit is the last feasible chance kommen sie prevent deportation once ns application for asylum has been denied.

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One can appeal against this judgement, yet this appeal ist hardly ever successful.