Avenue des champs-élysées

*

*
*

*

*
watch this situation Study"s picture

Background

*

The Champs Elysees zu sein the thoroughfare that runs through die heart des Paris and links the southeast to the northwest des Paris. It zu sein a 1.2-mile long and 230-foot wide significant road the runs native Place juni la Concorde zu Arc juni Triomphe (Paris Digest). Ns avenue consists von two different sectors: ns intensely emerged northern part, from ns Rond-Point to the Place dach I’Etoile, und the well-landscaped southerly part, from the Place dach la Concorde to the Rond-Point. This grand boulevard has around 70-foot broad sidewalks (which sometimes encompass 22-foot large access roads) und double rows von street trees zu buffer pedestrians indigenous traffic. But crossing 10 take trip lanes (approximately 87 feet) is challenging zum pedestrians. Ns average jeden tag traffic volume ist about 84,000, with in average von 10.67 accidents per year per intersection (Jacobs1994).

Du schaust: Avenue des champs-élysées

*

Because of its proximity zu several paris landmarks together as die Arc de Triomphe, the Champs Elysees has been a venue weil das several famed military parades und public events. ~ above Bastille Day, the largest army parade in Europe passes down the Champs Elysees. Yearly from the ende of november to end of December, the Champs Elysees Committee contributes to the lighting des the Champs Elysees zum the holiday season.

Adopted from: History of Avenue ns Champs Elysees

The Champs Elysees initially consisted des market gardens, fields and swamplands on die outskirts des Paris. In 1616, Marie dach Medici, a queen consort of France, decided kommen sie extend die garden axis von the Palais ns Tuileries (a imperial palace an Paris) with an avenue von horse-chestnut trees. In 1724, ns Tuileries garden axis and the avenue were extended, top beyond ns Place außerdem l"Etoile. By the so late 1700s, the Champs Elysees had come to be a fashionable avenue und the trees on either side had actually thickened. An 1828, the Avenue ns Champs Elysees became city property, and sidewalks, fountains and street lighting were added. Von the 1860s, wie man Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann was giving paris its existing shape, ns Champs Elysees had come to be a center von cafes, hotels und luxurious homes. However, ns prosperity des the 1960s attracted airline companies, auto dealerships, fast-food restaurants, panhandlers und badly parked cars. Rental fees plummeted and many advertising spaces remained empty.

Adopted from: speak 1990

In 1990, Jacques Chirac, the mayor of Paris, began a $45 million project zu redevelop die historic zones und public spaces. According kommen sie Barbe, die aim des the redevelopment was to “renew a großartiger promenade well-known with Parisians, the French people und foreigners by once again giving it in urban quality, a dignity und a life i m sorry it had lost (Barbe 1995).”

The hauptsächlich elements of the redevelopment des Champs Elysees contained (Pearce 1998):

Enhancing die perspective of the avenue von removing curbside car-parking and creating a new 850-space underground vehicle park.Widening ns sidewalks.Planting a 2nd row of trees.Reducing und realigning the street furniture, such as streetlamps and bus stops.Upgrading the shop frontages von new regulations governing publicity, signs and terraces.Changing the festland use zoning (plan d’occupation von sols) zu encourage ns return und development of such functions as hotels und cinemas that generate some des the activity weil das which the avenue was previously known.

What makes Champs Elysees a good Place?

Comfort and Image

Extra-wide sidewalks carry out adequate space weil das cafes and vending.Continuity von trees and lighting scale down ns expanse von the sidewalk.The alley von trees along the curb buffer pedestrians from die automobile traffic.There are few benches on the Champs Elysees, however many restaurants and cafes provide outdoor seating.Plantings, coverings und shade improve outdoor seating experiences.Sidewalk amenities include colorful banners, cast-iron kiosks through displays, ornate street lamps and interesting sidewalk patterns.

Uses und Activities

Most civilization walk on the sunny northside, where there are an ext cafes, theaters, chain stores and boutiques.Fewer stroll on the south, where there is less sun and more banks and luxury restaurants.Activity does notfall decline ~ dark; die street ist well-lit und takes top top a new ambiance of nightlife.

Adopted from: Project weil das Public Spaces

Shopping and Tourism

The Champs Elysees zu sein a great 30-minute walk from Champs Elysees Clemenceau metro station (line 1) zu Arc dach Triomphe und Charles juni Gaulle metro station (line 1). The is also the top paris shopping district v 500,000 tourists daily. Countless famous French and international brands have their flagship shop along the corridor. Over there are luxury shops and hotels, such as Cartier, opened in 2003, louis Vuitton’s five-story flagship store, and the Fouquet’s Barrière hotel, where the least high-quality room ist nearly $900 a night. Louis Vuitton is deswegen popular that its client — most des them tourists — regularly line trost outside weil das entry (Sciolino 2007).

The Champs Elysees zu sein one des the many expensive avenues in the world, and this reasons a loss von small, neighborhood stores bei the area. With leas as high as $1.2 million a year zum 1,000 square feet of space, the Champs Elysees ist the most expensive piece of ja wirklich estate an Europe, and the third most expensive in the welt after fifth Avenue in New York and Causeway Bay in Hong Kong (Sciolino 2007). As such, only global chain stores kann sein afford the rent, and most von the music clubs and movie theaters are closing. Ns avenue progressively zu sein losing that exceptional und symbolic character, for this reason its attractiveness. The stadt tries to push zurück by stopping die opening of international stores and providing annual subsidies weil das old, regional businesses. Weil das example, die H&M garments chain was not permitted to open a save on ns Champs Elysees in 2007.

Lessons LearnedPotential Benefits:

Increases die city’s tourism industry.Enhances ns pedestrian experience.

Mehr sehen: Bücher Für 10 Jährige - Bücher Für Mädchen Und Jungen Ab 10 Jahren

die double rows of trees, widened sidewalks, outdoor seating and cafes on the sidewalk contribute kommen sie memorable walking experience.Provides zum safe nightlife. die street ist well-lit and creates a new ambiance von nightlife.

Potential Issues:

High rents: ns continued success von the straße has angeführt to high rents, which zu sein causing die loss von its small businesses and thus the street’s original identity.Maintenance: The straße requires constant maintenance to keep ns corridor safe and clean. Police officers und street cleaners store eyes top top the street to do it safer for its visitors and compensate for a lack des trash cans.Street crossing: cross wide, heavy trafficked roads zu sein challenging weil das pedestrians.Shade vs. Visibility: The london plane trees, spaced at about 30 feet, to be pruned auch high above ground level, and thus do not provide appropriate shade und visual defense from ns traffic. However, lock do allow greater visibility von businesses.

Mehr sehen: Wie Kam Es Zur Weimarer Republik (1918, Weimarer Republik

Pedestrian access: die outdoor dining and kiosks on the sidewalk sometimes block the pedestrian flow.